The North Remembers (part 3/4)


The photo essay series explores the creation and negotiation of citizenship for Kenyans of Somali origin. It also explores the ongoing marginalisation that’s manifested itself through armed force, social and economic measures in North Eastern Kenya.

Read part 2 of the series here

November 10th 1989
The screening of all persons over the age of 18 from the Somali ethnic community was to begin led by Rift Valley Provincial Commissioner Yusuf Haji.
January 15th 1990
This was a piece on North Eastern Province profiles the ethnic composition, population and visible productivity.
It notes that the population was unique in the fact that the ratio of women to women was 4:1 and the fact that it was polygamous but also had one of the highest divorce rates in the country.
Development plans to give it a facelift included the plan to build 60 rental houses, a slaughter house, a sewerage system, street lighting, a sports ground and a fire station
Circa 1989
The International Commission of Jurists ( Kenyan Chapter) termed the screenings of ethnic Somalis legally indefensible, unconstitutional and a violation of the legal and constitutional rights of Kenyan citizens of the Somali community.
The ICJ, through its Secretary Kiraitu Murungi, told the government to devise a method of determining illegal immigrants irrespective of their ethnic backgrounds
Circa 1989
Abdullahi Abdi was the first person to give himself in as an illegal alien during the Somali verification process. He detailed how he sneaked into Kenya in 1968 through the Halugho border post in Garissa. He presented his illegally obtained identification card, voters card and Kenya African National Union membership certificate.
Rift Valley Provincial Commissioner Yusuf Haj quoted it as proof of the intentions of the screenings.
Feb 27th 1964
The Speaker of Parliament, Humphrey Slade that he understood from a speech by Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta on his motion to extend the state of emergency that Kenya now considered Somali to be an unfriendly state.

A short narration of the Wagalla Massascre- one of Kenya’s darkest days. Justice was never gotten for any of the victims because the government through the legislature quickly passed the Indemnity Act which restricted the  institution of legal proceedings in respect of acts committed by public officers or by members of the armed forces applicable to the former Northern Frontier districts and covers acts committed between 1963 and 1967. It was blanket immunity for their indiscretions.

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